Thursday, April 15, 2010

The year 1417

The bengali new year 1417

Under the Mughals, agricultural taxes were collected according to the Hijri calendar, which it does not coincide with the harvest. Farmers were hard-pressed to pay taxes out of season. To streamline tax collection, the Mughal Emperor Akbar ordered a reform of the calendar. Accordingly, Fatehullah Shirazi, a renowned scholar and astronomer, formulated the Bengali year on the basis of the Hijri lunar and Hindu solar calendars. The new Fasli San (agricultural year) was introduced on 10/11 March 1584, but was dated from Akbar's ascension to the throne in 1556. The new year was subsequently known as Bengali year.

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