The soviets were of the opinion; cinema can have its own language with - use of editing
Man with a movie camera – a movie where it was edited with stock footage to make sense.
They believed in using editing to create meaning.
Eisenstein: art historian, theorist, and film director,
Idea of editing – not a creation of invisible continuity between shots.
Creation of conflict between shots in order to produce meaning.
Avant guard - optical music, cinematic painting - they were against cinema being narrative / literal/ close to literature.
Kuleshov Experiment – Juxtaposition of different element to give different meaning.
Japanese and Chinese Based – on writing,
The Copulative Heliography-
Dog + mouth = bark.
Child + mouth = scream.
By combining 2 depictables one can create that which is undepictable.
Different idea of editing
Killing suggested by shot and editing.
Firing suggested by shots and the way it
Combinations of shots to recreate the feeling without showing the action that would make one feel so.
In 1960 Alfred Hitchcock used Eisenstein
Method’s to edit.
Sound is used to cover edits (i.e. – cuts in edits)
Hollywood and use of soviet cinema:
E.g. _ linking of scenes/
Superimposition – function to imply compression of time and space.
Movie – 1941 Meeting John Doe.
M – Maytime 1937 – Robert Leonard
M – Requiem of a dream 2000
EISENSTEIN DESIGNED INTELLECTUAL EDITING.
M – WALK ABOUT 1971 BBY NICOLAs Rouge.
Is an example of intellectual editing?
Soviet montage – teq uses in citizen Kane, psycho, Requiem of a dream 2000.
Soviet Montage - creating of metaphor, parallel editing, e.g. – godfather, color purple, and walk about.
TV shows that’s are interesting:
Once upon a time.
Other movies to watch out for:
M – the age of innocence – martin Scorsese
M - Roger and me, 1989 Michel Moore,
Are films that use soviet style montage and editing?
French NOIR -
European cinema after ww2,
1945 – 1950 neorealism
e.g.- Movies like open city /paisan
French new wave – e.g. – Bergman,
GODDARD pioneered ump cuts – interrupts during a single a single shot, with abrupt change of background. Goddard often discarded rules of continuity, jerky editing.
Neorealism’s Influence – Movie -The 400 blows 1959 by Truffaut
Movie -Stage coach, movie by john ford violates axis at times.
New wave 1960 ‘s – narrative is open to improvisation and non-diegetic element, not much focus on continuity
Editing violated classical rules.