We need great production design to do good lighting, what will you make images of, if there is nothing beautiful to look at? ( the above example has nature doing the production design )
Decide what mood we want? What do we want audience to see?
Then comes direction of lighting overall quality
Impact of color
There are only 2 kinds of sources:
SPEACTRAL (hard) point source
DIFFUSED (sort) large source
The properties of light as such are:
ANGLE: it suggests the location / time/ mood
COLOR: context is important, n then what the color means in that context
FALL OFF EFFECT: inverse sq. law, if a light is 400fc at 10 feet. In 20 feet it will be not 200, but 100 fc
COVeRAGE: spread of light
Motivation: the light has a realistic origin
Then there is
1. Low key
2. High key
3. Graduated Tonality
Place key light 1st, it defines the direction/ source / angle/ mood
Fill light is used to control the contrast of the shadow of the key light (often times from next to camera and in between the key light and the camera position.
Set light: it lights up the set, but does not touch the actors
Eg: lady from shanghai, Laura look at these movies, double life of Veronique, the showdown,
Look at the movie: the dark corner: to study lighting of different kinds.
7 kinds of lighting we can say broadly are:
6. Godfather (toppish)
7. Mystery (bottom)
Look for a book on lighting by miller, good reference.
Sealed beams- naked city was shot with this. They are like car headlights, are a bank of lights.
Special fixtures: kino flows/ led lights
Often we use Fresnel for key n soft for fill
Hmi’s are 3 ½ times more powerful then tungsten light (that’s more light is generated then heat,
Tungsten light has full color spectrum, yet they are warmer (more heat is generated) almost 80 is heat, n only 20 % is light, but a better light source till now,
LED new lights in the market, but they are more harsh light,
Other recommended movies to watch for lighting are:
The virgin spring